대한언어학회The Linguistic Association of Korea

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제목 Perceptual Similarity between English and Korean: Evidence from Online Adaptation
저자 Jungyeon Kim
권/호 제26권 / 4호
출처 21-35
논문게재일 2018. 12. 31.
초록 Kim, Jungyeon. (2018). Perceptual similarity between English and Korean: Evidence from online adaptation. The Linguistic Association of Korea Journal, 26(4), 21-35. Korean loanwords borrowed from English that end in voiceless stops frequently undergo vowel insertion. This vowel insertion is interesting since voiceless stops are permissible in final position in Korean native words. The perceptual similarity approach claims that this seemingly unnecessary vowel insertion is motivated by perceptual similarity between English and Korean forms. The current study reports on a perception experiment designed to examine whether Korean listeners actually judge English forms to be similar to Korean forms. In an AXB similarity judgment experiment, Korean learners of English listened to a triplet, consisting of an English stop-final form (CVC) and two Korean forms, one ending in a stop (CVC) and the other ending in stop-vowel (CVCV), and indicated which of the two Korean forms the English form sounded more similar to. The experimental result showed that Korean listeners were more likely to judge Korean CVCV as more similar to English CVC than Korean CVC when the English form ended in a released stop, and that final stress did not have a significant effect. This finding turns out to be consistent with the perceptual similarity approach, indicating that the English form could be acoustically similar to the Korean pronunciation.
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