대한언어학회The Linguistic Association of Korea

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제목 한국어의 주어 인상 구문 ‘—것 같다’: 존대 일치 현상에 관한 수용성 판단을 중심으로
저자 최진선
권/호 제25권 / 2호
출처 143-160
논문게재일 2017.6.30.
초록 Choe, Jinsun. (2017). Subject-to-subject raising in Korean: Evidence from honorific agreement. The Linguistic Association of Korea Journal, 25(2), 143-160. This study aims to investigate the availability of subject-to-subject raising movement in the -kes kathta construction by making use of the subject honorification properties in Korean. A total of 107 Korean-speaking adults participated in a judgment task where they were asked to rate the acceptability of various sentences, including -kes kathta constructions with or without the honorific marker -si-. As expected, participants were most likely to accept sentences in which the use of -si- is triggered by the honorific subject noun phrase within the same clause. However, they also showed a tendency to accept the use of -si- on the matrix predicate -kathta, even when there seems to be no (honorific) grammatical subject in the matrix clause, suggesting that the honorific marker agrees with the honorific subject that has raised from the embedded clause to the matrix clause. Thus, these findings point to the possibility of raising movement in Korean, indicating that the embedded subject is able to move out of the clause to the matrix subject position to agree with the honorific marker on the matrix predicate.
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