대한언어학회The Linguistic Association of Korea

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제목 {-ㄴ가}, {-나}형 어미에 대한 말뭉치 기반 연구
저자 안주호
권/호 제23권 / 2호
출처 133-156
논문게재일 2015.06.30.
초록 Ahn, Joohoh. (2015). A Study of the endings {-nka} type and {-na} type based on Spoken Korean Corpus. The Linguistic Association of Korea Journal, 23(2), 133-156. This paper surveys the distribution, combining conditions and usage patterns of the {-nka} type and {-na} type endings in the corpus on spoken Korean. Currently, in Korean grammar rules, {-nka} type, {-na} type endings are explained as indicating humility and {-nkayo}, {-nayo} endings indicate respect. Though exceptions are noted, the {-nka} type endings are supposed to be added to the adjective stems with a coda. And {-na} type endings are added to the verb stem. But spoken Korean language is different than the written corpus. In spoken Korean, {-na} type endings were employed 5823 times compared to 791 times for the {-nka} type endings. In spoken Korean, there are no constrains on the combination on {-na} type endings; The {-na} type endings are added to the verb stem, prefinal endings like {-eoss-, -si-} and even adjective stems. This paper demonstrates that {-na} type endings and {-nka} type endings have been integrated into {-na} type endings.
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