대한언어학회The Linguistic Association of Korea

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제목 한국인의 거절화행 전략: 나이와 남녀 차이
저자 안정근
권/호 제23권 / 1호
출처 139-160
논문게재일 2015.03.31.
초록 Ahn, Jeong Khn. (2015). Koreans refusal strategies in requests: Age and gender differences. The Linguistic Association of Korea Journal, 23(1). 139-160. This study examines age and gender differences in Koreans refusal strategies in requests. 241 participants in the study provide refusals using a dialogue eliciting questionnaire. Age difference is found in a way that participants under 15 years of age use direct refusal strategies in requests more often than other age groups, particularly the age groups of 30s and 40s which show a great use of indirect refusal strategies. Gender difference is also found in a way that men use direct refusal more often than women. In particular, women use indirect refusal of thanks towards the seniors more often than men whereas men use indirect refusal of reproach towards the juniors more often than women. In addition, women use more refusal strategies than men, particularly towards the familiars. The age groups of 30s and 40s use much more refusal strategies than the age group under 15. These age and gender differences in Koreans refusal strategies in requests clearly indicate that the pragmatic act of refusal is closely related to the social structure and complicated human relations in Korea.
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