||Lee, Yumi. (2021). A comparative study of word associations of Korean L1 speakers and L2 learners. The Linguistic Association of Korea Journal, 29(2), 71-93. This study compared and analyzed the word association patterns of Korean L1 speakers and L2 learners based on the characteristics (parts of speech and frequency) of stimulus words and proficiencies of L2 learners. For this, a word association experiment was conducted among 20 L1 speakers and 60 L2 learners. The results showed differences in word associations between L1 speakers and L2 learners; the former had more paradigmatic responses, while the latter had more syntagmatic responses to the stimulus words. Moreover, as L2 learners proficiency advanced, their paradigmatic responses increased and syntagmatic responses decreased. With regard to associative responses to parts of speech, both groups had a high number of paradigmatic ones to nouns, but showed different levels of associations for verbs and adjectives. Finally, with regard to associative responses to frequency, L1 speakers had paradigmatic ones to the stimulus words at all frequencies, while L2 learners had more syntagmatic responses.