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제목 Quotative be like in Ohio English
저자 Seung Han Lee
권/호 제29권 / 1호
출처 161-182
논문게재일 2021.03.31
초록 Lee, Seung Han. (2021). Quotative be like in Ohio English. The Linguistic Association of Korea Journal, 29(1), 161-182. This study aims (1) to provide the frequency of occurrence of be like as quantitatively measured; (2) to discover a systematic sociolinguistic distribution of be like by specifically comparing use by gender, age, education, and employment; and (3) to shed light on the classification of speech introduced by be like under discourse accounts. Accordingly, we identified a total of 485 tokens from the Ohio Buckeye Corpus of spontaneous speech. As for the distribution, the results show first and foremost that speakers prefer tense agreement between be like and its quote, favouring the present tense to trigger dramatic effect in narratives. Be like leads to expansion into the third person, second person, and first person. In Ohio English, no gender bias is identified in the use of be like. Also, younger speakers use be like more frequently. Speakers' education and employment status are not in relationship to the occurrence of be like. In what follows, the speech be like introduces is classified into four types: internal speech, direct speech, external speech, and hypothetical speech. The most frequently occurring internal speech is again subcategorized into internal judgement, internal surprise, internal volition, and internal situation; speakers' own evaluation, surprise, volition, or objective description of the preceding context is verbally unuttered. Hypothetical speech is of special interest in that speakers deliver the quote of be like under assumption, in keeping with the given context. Last, expletive it described here must include the consideration of the preceding context in order to classify the quotes of be like properly.
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