대한언어학회The Linguistic Association of Korea

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제목 형용사 속성에 따른 티베트어 합성어의 어순과 의미
저자 김현정
권/호 제27권 / 2호
출처 19-36
논문게재일 2019. 06. 30
초록 Kim, Hyunjung. (2019). The word order and semantics of Tibetan compound words with a focus on adjective attributes. The Linguistic Association of Korea Journal, 27(2), 19-36. The aim of this paper is to investigate the phenomenon of a difference in meaning of Tibetan adjectives, based on their relative position. In this process, the paper presents the common aspects of the phenomenon of the Tibetan compound word by discussing Italian noun phrases and compound words. In Tibetan compound words, the category of adjective+noun can only represent the meaning of an abstract concept, while the category of noun+adjective has the additional indicative meaning that refers to a specific object. This is due to the fact that an adjective can have two attributes when it modifies a noun. In Italian, adjectives can be divided into predicative and referential adjectives, based on their attributes. Predicative adjectives can modify nouns both before and after, while referential adjectives can only modify nouns in the latter position. In Italian, according to this phenomenon, adjective+noun has only one meaning in both noun phrases and compound words, while noun+adjective has two meanings. In the Tibetan compound word denoting referential objects among the noun+adjective category, the semantic structure is changed from a second type to first type. In addition, even in the case of compound words which seem to have a referential meaning in the adjective+noun category, that meaning is limited to a simple combination of the meaning of the individual adjectives and nouns. This indicates that the adjectives are still used with a predicative meaning.
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